Alhassan Lansah Abdulai
INSTITUTION: Savannah Agricultural Research Institute
AREA OF SPECIALISATION: Agrometeorology, Crop Physiology and Climate Change
NATIONAL COLLABORATION: Collaborated with MoFA, GMET and North Star Radio on activities involving the use of climate information in aid of farming decisions under the ENRACCA-WA Project.
Collaborated with MoFA and Heritage seed on the “Strengthening seed systems in West and Central Africa” to enhance the capacity of farmers to produce and market good quality and certified seed.
INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATION: Collaborated with INSAH (Mali), IER (Mali) and ISRA (Senegal) to implement the ENRACCA-WA Project. Collaborated with CCAFS in the testing and up-scaling of the farms of the future concept in the northern Region of Ghana.
(Key areas of research) Insert a brief write-up of research undertaken. Include collaborating institutions)
The areas in which I carry out research are Agrometeorology of the mandate crops of cSIR-SARI, Climate Change education and Climate change response. I focus mainly on enhancing the resilience of agricultural production systems practiced within the mandate area of CSIR-SARI in other to reduce the vulnerability of the mainly smallholder subsistence farmers. I proposed and initiated the testing of the suitability of early bulking cassava cultivars (which are being adopted for cultivation by farmers) in the East Mamprusi district. Done in collaboration with CARE international while using the community based adaptation (CBA) concept in the implementation of the Adaptation Learning Program (ALP). I also conduct research focused on combinations of crop cultivars and integrated soil fertility management (ISFM) options for adaptation to climate change. This has been the thrust of the AAESCC and ENRACCA-WA projects. Another focal area is research into conflicts and co-operations associated with the deployment of different climate change adaptation strategies. This is being researched in collaboration with University of Utrecht (UU) in The Nederland, ILEPA in Kenya, and INERA in Burkina Faso
TECHNOLOGIES/INNOVATIONS DEVELOPED AND MAKING IMPACT ON LIVES AT VARIOUS SOCIETAL OR SOCIAL LEVEL
Participated as a Research Scientist in adapting and demonstrating the use of transparent plastic sheets and sunlight to parboil fresh pepper for fixing the color and reducing the drying time. ISFM on yam is increasing yields and reducing the rate of deforestation in the Nanumba North district of the Northern region. Climate change awareness and use of climate information in decision making has reduced the risk of yam crop loss in the Nanumba North district of Ghana.
IMPACT OF RESEARCH ON COMMUNITIES
Communities in the Tolon and Kumbungu Districts are able to reduce post harvest losses and optimize profit through the use of transparent plastic sheets for parboiling fresh pepper and solar dryers made from transparent plastic sheets for drying pepper during a glut in production. This technology was demonstrated in these districts in collaboration with Mr Robert Owusu with funding from the FARMER project.
Three communities (Demonaayili, Pusuga and Makayili) in the Nanumba North district of the Northern region of Ghana are currently using climate information and integrated soil fertility management (ISFM) for reduced risk of failure and increased production of yam.
Sixteen communities (8 from 4 districts in each of the Northern and Brong Ahafo regions) are now aware of the causes of climate change, how they contribute to the global warming through their activities, the impacts of climate change, and the response options to climate change. This was due to awareness creation activities funded by GIZ through the “Adaptation of Agro-EcoSystems to Climate Change” (AAESCC) project implemented in the Northern and Brong Ahafo regions of Ghana.
At least sixteen (16) communities in the Northern and Brong Ahafo regions now have access to four drought and / or striga tolerant maize varieties and have knowledge on the best ISFM components that result in optimum yields in their communities.
Enhanced the capacity of farmers to produce seed and further created a linkage between farmers and Heritage seeds company (using the innovation platform concept) to ensure a sustainable community seed production system in the Savelugu-Nanton and Tolon districts of Northern region. This was done under the CORAF supported Seed Systems Project.
PUBLICATIONS AND MANUALS
Refereed Journal Papers
Inusah I.Y.B., Dogbe W., Abdulai A.L., Yirzagla J., Mawunya M. and Issahak A.S. (2015). Yield Gap Survey in Sudanno-Guinea Savanna Agro-Ecological Zones of Ghana. Sustainable Agriculture Research 4 (1): 127-137.
Etwire P.M., Atokple I.D.K., Buah S.S.J., Abdulai A.L., Karikari A.S. and Asungre P., (2013). Analysis of the seed system in Ghana International Journal of Advanced Agricultural Research 1: 7-13
Abdulai A.L., Kouressy M., Vaksmann M., Asch F. and Giese, M., Brueck H., (2012). Latitude and date of sowing influence phenology of photoperiod-sensitive sorghums. J. Agron. and Crop Sci. 198 (5): 340-348.
Abdulai A.L., Parzies H., Kouressy M., Vaksmann M., Asch F.and Brueck H. (2012). Yield Stability of Photoperiod-Sensitive Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor L. (Moench)] Accessions under Diverse Climatic Environments. International Journal of Agricultural Research 7 (1): 17-32.
Owusu, R. K., Clottey V. A. and Abdulai A.L., (2007). Blanching of hot peppers employing the solarisation method in northern Ghana. Bots. Journal of Agriculture and Applied Sciences 3 (2): 106-111
Edited Conference Papers
Abdulai A.L., Kouressy K., Vaksmann M., Bruek H. and Asch F. (2009). Responses of Sorghum Varieties to Climatic Variability — a Case Study Within the RISOCAS Project. Oral presentation at the 11th annual Tropentag on “Biophysical and Socio-economic Frame Conditions for the Sustainable Management of Natural Resources”. October 6-8, 2009. Hamburg, Germany.
Unedited Conference Papers / Poster presentations
Abdulai A.L., Kouressy M., Vaksmann M., Tekete, M.L., Kane, M., Asch F., Giese M. and Bruek H. (2011) Effect of phenological variation on photoperiod-sensitive sorghum production in the Sahel. Oral presentation at the International Conference on “Crop improvement, Ideotyping, and Modelling for African Cropping Systems under Climate Change (CIMAC)”. February 7-9, 2011. University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany
Abdulai A.L., Bruek H., Kouressy M., Vaksmann M. and Asch F. (2011). Morphological traits for sorghum ideotype development to cope with climate variability in Africa. Oral presentation at the International Conference on “Crop improvement, Ideotyping, and Modelling for African Cropping Systems under Climate Change (CIMAC)”. February 7-9, 2011. University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany
Abdulai A.L., Kouressy M., Vaksmann M., Asch F., Giese M. and Bruek H. (2011) Latitude effect on the development of photoperiod sensitive sorghum. Oral presentation at the International Conference on “Crop improvement, Ideotyping, and Modelling for African Cropping Systems under Climate Change (CIMAC)”. February 7-9, 2011. University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany
Abdulai A.L., Bruek H., Asch F., Kouressy M. and Vaksmann M. (2010). Water-use Efficiency of Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) Genotypes in Mali, West Africa, is Affected by Climate Variability. Oral presentation at the 12th annual Tropentag on “World Food System: A Contribution from Europe”. September 14-16, 2010. Zurich, Switzerland
Abdulai A.L., Kouressy M., Vaksmann M., Bruek H. and Asch F. (2010). Growth Analysis of Biomass Production for Diverse Sorghum Genotypes under different scenarios of climate. Poster presented at the 11th European Society of Agronomy Conference. August 29 – September 03, 2010. Montpellier, France
Abdulai A.L., Asch F., and Van de Giesen N. (2004). Physiological and morphological responses of Sorghum bicolor Moench to static and dynamic drought conditions. Poster presented at the 6th annual “Tropentag” for International Research on Food Security, Natural Resource Management and Rural Development. October 5-7, 2004. Berlin, Germany.
Abdulai A.L. (2005). Morphological and physiological responses of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor Moench.) to static and dynamic drought in a green house. MSc. Thesis. University of Bonn, Germany March 2005.
Abdulai A.L. (2001). Studies of the morphology and performance of six (6) local hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) cultivars. Dissertation for BSc. Agriculture, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi-Ghana.
Abdulai A.L. (1998). Use of Physic nut (Jatropha Curcas L.) seed oil in the control of diamond-back moth (Plutella xylostella) and cabbage worms (Hellula spp) of cabbage. Dissertation for Diploma in Horticulture, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumai-Ghana.