INSTITUTION: Savannah Agricultural Research Institute
QUALIFICATION: M.Phil. (Crop Science)
AREA OF SPECIALISATION: Maize Breeding
NATIONAL COLLABORATION: CSIR-Crop Research Institute (CSIR-CRI), Ministry of Food and Agriculture (MoFA), Ghana Seed Producers Association (SEEDPAG).
INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATION: International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), CORAF/WECARD – West Africa Seed Program (WASP), CIMMYT
- Development of new populations of maize varieties with farmer preferred traits via hybridization of suitable parental germplasm adapted to savannah ecologies of Ghana (collaborating institutions: CSIR-CRI, IITA, CIMMYT)
- Multi-location testing of drought tolerant and striga resistant/tolerant varieties and hybrids in regional trials to identify elite germplasm with high yield potential and tolerance to stresses factors for developing experimental varieties, hybrids and synthetics and for population improvement by introgressing drought and or striga tolerance into locally adapted germplasm (collaborating institutions: IITA, CIMMYT, CSIR-CRI, MoFA)
- On-farm demonstration of drought tolerant maize varieties in sixteen (16) communities in eight (8) Districts in Brong-Ahafo and Northern Regions aimed at showcasing the ability of released drought/striga tolerant maize varieties to reduce climate-related yield losses of the small-scale resource poor farmers in the savanna and forest-savanna transition zones of Ghana where drought, Striga infestations and low soil fertility are major constraints to maize production (collaborating institution: MoFA)
- Production and promotion of breeder seed of drought tolerant maize varieties and training of seed producers on techniques of hybrid maize seed production (collaborating institutions: CORAF/WECARD WASP, CSIR-CRI, MoFA)
TECHNOLOGIES/INNOVATIONS DEVELOPED AND MAKING IMPACT ON LIVES AT VARIOUS SOCIETAL OR SOCIAL LEVEL
- Through the Multi-location testing of drought tolerant and striga resistant/tolerant varieties and hybrids in regional trials, four open pollinated drought and or Striga tolerant maize varieties (Sanzal-sima, Ewul-boyu, Wang-data and Bihilifa) and four drought/striga tolerant top-cross hybrids (Warikamana, Kpari-faako, Kunjor-Wari and Suhudoo) have been released to farmers for cultivation. Kunjor-Wari and Suhudoo are the first early maturing hybrids to be released in Ghana.
- Production of Breeder/Foundation seeds of released maize varieties – Sanzal-sima, Wang-dataa, Ewul-boyu and Bihilifa – in support of foundation/certified seed production, on-farm trials and community-based seed production schemes.
- Trained twenty-three (23) seed producers including community based seed growers and field staff of five seed producing companies on hybrid maize seed production techniques and over 250 members of 30 farmer based organizations on good agronomic practices for maize production
IMPACT OF RESEARCH ON COMMUNITIES
- Drought and or striga infestation are major constraint to maize production in all areas where it is grown, and a greater problem for the rural poor of developing countries including Ghana. Global warming, deforestation, and urbanization all stand to increase the severity and frequency of drought in the future, leading to a possible decrease in global food production at the same time that increasing human population demands an increase in the same food supplies. The release of the drought/striga tolerant maize varieties constitutes an important, practical and reliable approach to increasing maize productivity and yield in the guinea and sudan savannas of Ghana thereby enhancing people’s livelihoods, food security and economic development in these areas
- The production and supply of quality breeder seed to meet the needs of production of foundation and certified seeds does not only serve as a basic tool for a secure food supply, but also a commodity that promotes economic development and entrepreneurship for players in the seed industry. The sale breeder/foundation seed also generate more funds to the IGF of the Institute.
Badu-Apraku, B., Akinwale, R. O., Obeng-antwi, K., Alidu Haruna, Kanton, R., Usman, I., Ado, S. G., Coulibaly, N., Yallou, G. C. and Oyekunle, M. (2013). Assessing the representativeness and repeatability of testing sites for drought-tolerant maize in West Africa. Can. J. Plant Sci. 93: 699–714.
Prince Maxwell Etwire1, Tahirou Abdoulaye, Kwadwo Obeng-Antwi, Saaka S. Buah, Roger A. L. Kanton, Henry Asumadu, Mashark S. Abdulai, Alidu Haruna and John C. Etwire (2013). On-farm evaluation of maize varieties in the transitional and savannah zones of Ghana: Determinants of farmer preferences Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics Vol. 6(32)
G.B. Adu, R. Akromah, M.S. Abdulai, K. Obeng-Antwi, A.W. Kena, K.M.L. Tengan and Alidu Haruna (2013). Assessment of Genotype by Environment interactions and Grain Yield Performance of Extra-Early Maize (Zea Mays L.) Hybrids Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare Vol.3(12): 7 – 15
S. J. Buah, J. M. Kombiok, R. A. L. Kanton, N. N. Denwar, Alidu Haruna, A. N. Wiredu and M. S. Abdulai. (2013). Participatory Evaluation of Drought Tolerant Maize Varieties in the Guinea Savanna of Ghana Using Mother and Baby Trial Design. Journal of Science and Technology, Vol. 33, No. 2: pp12-23
Alidu Haruna and M. S. Abdulai (2013). Drought/Striga tolerant maize for the Guinea and Sudan Savanna zones of Ghana. FARMagazine: Pp 11 – 16.
Manfred Ewool, Kwadwo Obeng-Antwi, Alidu Haruna, Tsedeke Abate, Abebe Menkir, B. Badu-Apraku and Tahirou Abdoulaye (2013). New Drought Tolerant Maize Varieties for Ghana. DT Maize Vol. 2 (1). Pp 1 – 3